Ministry of Climate Change jobs 2020, Ten Billion Tree Tsunami Programme
10 Billion Tree Plantation Financing Dr. Syed Akhtar Hussain Shah Member (Private Sector Development & Competitiveness) Planning Commission of Pakistan Ministry of Planning, Development & Reform Government of Pakistan
Pakistan has been hit by a range of climate change related disasters, especially in last decade the
intensity and recurrence of such disasters have increase manifolds, bringing the issue of climate
change on forefront. The matter of threat requires not only Pakistani government’s ownership but
also ownership of individuals and countries across the world, thereby financial contribution for
mitigation and adaptation purpose.
Given the magnitude of problem, this policy paper gives an overview of all the possible funding
options available to implement 10 Billion Forestation Project throughout Pakistan.
The paper discusses about the green funding and loan option available to Pakistan. Funding option include exploring the funding mechanisms of Global Climate Fund (GCF) and Green Environment Fund (GEF). Both established by United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCC), GCF being the most recent one established under Paris Agreement. Based on
the record of GCF and GEF funding trends for forestation project, we estimate Pakistan can approach both these entities with project proposal 200 million USD to began its 10 billion tree project.
For the Green loan, the paper discusses green bonds options available under World bank’s International Finance Cooperation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Bank of China
The paper further discusses some indigenous funding sources as well. These option include Public private sector partnerships which can be enhanced and utilized for the purpose. Private sector
can play important role in promotion of forests, and plantation through involvement of various
private organizations, industries, labour organizations. The paper also discusses the potential of
Crowd funding which may be obtained from Pakistani expatriate specially residing in developed
world, countries such as USA, Europe, Australia and Asian developed nations. A mechanism
maybe developed through launching any one or more schemes under which people can pay a
small amount for planting a tree saplings with an attached tag of donor’s name. Donor will be
notified of success of his contribution through a system.Ministry of Climate Change jobs 2020
Voluntary Solidarity Tree Fund is also explored an option, a fund may be developed and funneled to Green Fund for 10 Billion Tree Plantation. Plantation of trees is considered as one type
of divine investment, especially in a Muslim society it has been used as an incentive for promotional purpose. Many individuals, philanthropic organizations may be motivated to contribute for
plantation. Options to collect funds under Corporate Sector Contribution have also been discussed. Corporate Sector contribution can be involved into this program by developing options
adjustable to needs and priorities of the interested companies. Under this option, a number of
companies are willing to contribute in plantation movement according to their own preferences,
for which certain number of packages may be developed and offered to the willing corporate
companies. The paper suggests that Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Contribution may
also be made a source of financing through CSR Law for any private company operating in Pakistan, on its earning in certain percentage of, profits. Which would enable the companies to contribute to Green Fund or participate in green activities.Ministry of Climate Change jobs 2020
The Paper concludes by suggesting some implementation measures to successfully approach the
international funding. The suggestion include establishment of a Fund Cell by the Government of
Pakistan with joint management of Ministries of Climate Change and Planning . To conduct National Planning Meeting on the planning and development of funding proposals. To Establishment GIS Based Monitoring System so that monitoring of ongoing activities of the project may
be carried out and to establish Online Data storage through which data about the project may be
available to all the stakeholders, government, public organizations, private sector agents, corporate companies, individuals.Ministry of Climate Change jobs 2020
10 Billion Tree Plantation Financing
After successful plantation of Billion Tree Tsunami Project (BITP) by PTI government in
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan, setting a goal of 10 Billion Tree Plantation would be a huge task
with expected outcome on world’s climate, weather, temperature, protection and preservation of
atmospheric health, reduction in green house gas effects, lowering cases of random floods, lowering rains, droughts and other biodiversity supportive actions. The objective is to plant trees
throughout the country with expectation that will contribute in improving the life of all living
beings on the globe. (Priovani., 2018) Ministry of Climate Change jobs 2020
For a developing country such as Pakistan, a series of extreme weather events and climate
change has turned the attention of development professionals and government alike to give high
priority to invest in forest resources development, including promotion of plantations. In general,
the developing countries also give prominence to forest industries, utilization or other valueadding activities, while their external partners have recently tended to show increasing favor towards natural resource conservation. Success of BITP is banked upon indigenously available financing, highest level of commitment and dedicated management, while for plantation of 10 Billion Tree the Government will have to explore financing sources, high level of commitment and
effective integrated management.
A high level goal is being set for wellbeing of present and future generations in the world, which
need greater level of ownership of living beings across the world. A humanity centered endeavor
needs a number of inputs at several levels. Four main stages need ownership and contributions:
i.e. 1. Planning stage, 2. Financing arrangements 3. Implementation systems 4. Sustainability and
This paper focuses on devising financing strategy for successful implementation of 10 Billion
Tree Plantation across Pakistan.
This endeavors holds importance for not only Pakistan, but aims to serve its benefits for all human beings, irrespective of their country. It is therefore pertinent for all human being to recognize the importance of this project and contribute to the cause.
The overall objective of the paper are to provide the financial basis for strengthening personnel
and institutional capacities at local, provincial and national levels in policy design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of forest plantation throughout the country. Specific objectives
1. To identify financing sources from Pakistan to promote plantation.
2. To explore modes of financing for forest plantation through crowd funding.
3. To identify international funding through various sources in order to increase forest
4. To assist provincial governments in attaining the fund in-order to support similar innovative green projects to increasing green cover in urban and rural areas.
Significance of the Study:
No work so far is available on comprehensive and diversified financing sources for plantation of
trees. Therefore, this paper attempts to identify viable sources for financing and implementation
of 10 billion Tree Plantation. This may include coverage of sources drawn on the basis of existence of beneficiaries at local, non-local and global level.
Methodology and dataset:
The research involves qualitative and quantitative methods literature review and analysis of existing data. The methodology is based on desk study of the existing literature present on number
of sources related to climate change, forestation and sustainability, and financing options. This
study takes stock of a number of options being adopted for similar activities around the world
and considering those option weighs out Pakistan’s stand at successful acquisition of these finances.
International Green Financing Sources
Forestation and allied environment friendly activities have been recognized, ratified and owned
by almost all the countries, governments organizations and innumerable individuals as contribution to human being, living-being, bio-diversity, ecosystem of the globe in general and of respective part of the world in particular. A number of conventions, conferences, and summits turned
up in the shape of either obligatory or optional agreements and commitments amongst members
of the world community.
A certain number of local, regional and international institutions have been developed for implementation, support and monitoring of environment related programs and activities A number
of institutional arrangements exists for environment supports which include Green Environment
Facility (GEF) and Green Climate Fund (GCF).
The Global Climate Fund (GCF)
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is a global fund created to support the efforts of developing
countries to respond to the challenge of climate change. GCF helps developing countries limit or
reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to climate change. It seeks to promote a
paradigm shift to low-emission and climate-resilient development, taking into account the needs
of nations that are particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts. GCF recognizes the need to
ensure that developing country partners exercise ownership of climate change funding and integrate it within their own national action plans.
Under GCF funding, Accredited Entities partner with the Green Climate Fund to implement projects. Guided by the Fund’s investment framework and the priorities of developing country governments, Accredited Entities convert concepts into action. They work alongside countries to
come up with project ideas, and submit funding proposals for the GCF Board to approve. Responding to the climate challenge requires collective action from all countries, cities, businesses,
and private citizens. Among these concerted efforts, advanced economies have formally agreed
to jointly mobilize USD 100 billion per year by 2020, from a variety of sources, to address the
pressing mitigation and adaptation needs of developing countries. According to GCF portfolio
dashboard, so far only 3.75 billion has been committed on 73 projects. (GCF Portfolio, 2018)
The Global Environmental Facility (GEF) operates on the basis of collaboration and partnership among the Implementing Agencies, as a mechanism for international cooperation for the
purpose of providing new and additional grant and concessional funding to meet the agreed incremental costs of measures to achieve agreed global environmental benefits.
The GEF works towards supporting projects related to climate change in countries covering a
wide scope of actions. In this regard, a total of US$910 million has been already dispensed to
individual countries to enable them develop and support their national climate change mitigation
policies and strategies, increase share of renewable energy supply to their main grid and thereby
help them become more energy efficient. These efforts also include developing a sustainable
transport and urban design, promoting climate smart agriculture, and develop a climate resilient
urban and rural communities that can face short-term climate induced disasters.
The GEF has also been working toward enabling countries to participate UNFCCC -related reporting and assessments, including Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), and
to help incorporate their findings into national policy planning and implementation. In this regard
GEF has allocated US$225 million to ensure that reporting mechanism on INDCs remains efficient, accurate and timely. In addition to that, the GEF is looking to spend up to US$1.4 billion
towards enhanced resilience, adaptation and disaster risk reduction.